Perjuangan Rasulullah SAW Mengangkat Derajat Perempuan di Zaman Jahiliyah

Foto: istimewa

RISALAH INSPIRA,- Rasulullah SAW sebagai suri tauladan yang baik, membawa ajaran yang membawa keselamatan untuk kehidupan manusia menjadi lebih baik.

Sebelum Rasulullah SAW menyampaikan dakwah islamnya, kala itu masyarakat Arab dikenal dengan tradisi jahiliyah. Jahiliyah adalah suatu kondisi dimana masyakat yang tidak memiliki peradaban yang bermoral. Hasrat dan nafsu kala itu membabi buta tanpa mengutamakan akal dan pikiran.

Tradisi jahiliyah ini mengakar di Mekah dengan sangat kuat. Salah satu contohnya adalah ketika perempuan tidak pernah dianggap sebagai manusia yang nyata seutuhnya, namun hanya dipandang sebagai objek untuk memenuhi hasrat seksual semata.

Hal tersebut dibuktikan dengan tidak adanya hukum yang mengatur laki-laki untuk membatasi jumlah istri yang dinikahinya, artinya menikah dengan 1000 perempuan pun tidak masalah. Bahkan populer juga budaya tidak membutuhkan istri karena dapat memenuhi nafsu birahinya kepada perempuan-perempuan.

Selain itu, perempuan banyak hidup dengan penuh kesulitan. Perempuan boleh diperdagangkan layaknya harta, dapat diwariskan, tidak memiliki hak untuk mendapat pendidikan, menjadi budak seks, bahkan hak untuk hidup yang mana diyakini jika terlahir perempuan dari sebuah keluarga akan dianggap sebagai aib sebagaimana difirmankan oleh Allah SWT.

“Dan apabila seseorang dari mereka diberi kabar dengan (kelahiran) anak perempuan, hitamlah (merah padamlah) mukanya, dan dia sangat marah. Ia menyembunyikan dirinya dari orang banyak, disebabkan buruknya berita yang disampaikan kepadanya. Apakah dia akan memeliharanya dengan menanggung kehinaan ataukah akan menguburkannya ke dalam tanah (hidup-hidup), ketahuilah, alangkah buruknya apa yang mereka tetapkan itu.” (QS. An-Nahl: 58).

Kemudian ketika Islam hadir mengangkat derajat perempuan dan hidup berdampingan bersama kaum laki-laki, perempuan memiliki hak yang sama dengan laki-laki yang membedakan hanyalah ketawaannya.

“Sesungguhnya Aku tidak menyia-nyiakan amal orang-orang yang beramal, baik laki-laki maupun perempuan” (Q.S. Ali Imran: 93).

“Sesungguhnya laki-laki muslim dan perempuan muslimah, laki-laki mukmin dan perempuan mukminah, laki-laki yang taat dan perempuan yang taat, demikian pula, laki-laki yang benar dan perempuan yang benar, laki-laki penyabar dan perempuan penyabar, laki-laki khusyuk dan perempuan yang khusyuk, laki-laki yang gemar bersedekah dan perempuan yang gemar bersedekah, laki-laki yang sering kali berpuasa dan perempuan yang sering kali berpuasa, laki-laki yang selalu memelihara kemaluannya dan perempuan yang selalu memeliharanya juga, laki-laki yang banyak berdzikir menyebut nama Allah dan perempuan yang banyak berdzikir menyebut nama Allah, Allah telah menyediakan untuk tiap-tiap orang dari mereka baik lelaki maupun perempuan ampunan dan pahala yang besar.” (Q.S.Al Ahzab: 35)

Diriwayatkan Abi Daud, Rasulullah SAW bersabda,

“Wahai manusia, sebagaimana laki-laki mempunyai hak atas perempuan, perempuan juga mempunyai hak atas laki-laki. Layanilah perempuan dengan baik dan berlaku lemah lembut terhadap mereka, karena sesungguhnya mereka adalah teman dan sahabatmu yang setia. Takutlah kepada Allah dalam bersikap terhadap perempuan, karena kalian telah mengambil mereka dengan amanah Allah dan menghalalkan hubungan mereka dengan kalimat Allah”. (HR. Abi Dawud).

Rasulullah SAW juga mulai membatasi kuantitas atau jumlah istri yang bisa dinikahi, perempuan mendapatkan hak waris, mendapat hak pendidikan, bahkan diberi hak untuk mengikuti perang.

Ajaran Islam yang disampaikan oleh Rasulullah SAW dengan membangun dasar teologis yang kokoh untuk perempuan dalam semua aspek kehidupan. (GIN)

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